The Stuart Succession Today

The direct, legitimate male line of the Royal House of Stuart ended in 1807 with the death of Henry IX, the Cardinal Duke of York. The senior descent of the Royal House from that date is well documented. The Headship of the House of Stuart takes its descent from Henrietta-Anne (1644-1670), daughter of King Charles I, and her husband Philippe, Duke of Orléans and was inherited by their heirs, the House of Savoy. Marriages of the subsequent heirs then saw it pass to the House of Modena-Este and later to the House of Wittelsbach (Bavaria), with whom it rests today and the Head of which is Duke Franz.

It should be noted that none of these representatives of King Charles I since 1807 has attempted to claim a British Throne. The late Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (1869-1955) strongly discouraged supporters in the United Kingdom from making claims on his behalf.

The Stuart Succession after 1807

The descendants of Princess Henrietta-Anne, youngest daughter of King Charles I, who would have been de jure monarchs of the House of Stuart after the death of King Henry IX and I in 1807 are shown below. Italian and German names are shown in their Anglicised forms and the numerals following the names (where appropriate) relate to the English and Scottish successions respectively where necessary:

House of Savoy (Sardinia) Charles IV 1807-1819
  Victor 1819-1824
  Mary II* 1824-1840
House of Este (Modena) Francis I 1840-1875
  Mary III 1875-1919
House of Wittelsbach (Bavaria) Robert I and IV 1919-1955
  Albert 1955-1996
  Francis II 1996-

* The elder daughter of King James II and VII who was married to William of Orange and styled herself Mary II was not part of the de jure succession, her father and brother being alive at the time.

It must again be emphasised that none of these de jure monarchs since 1807 has ever laid claim to the throne of England, Scotland, Ireland or France. Under the terms of the Act of Settlement (1701) they have all been excluded from the de facto line of succession which vests in the present House of Windsor.